Mallorca's name derives from the Latin insula maior, and the later form, Maiorica. In 123 BC the Romans founded a city called Palmaria (Palma) in Mallorca. During the period of Muslim rule it received the Arabic name of Madina Mayurqa. Later on, when James I of Aragon conquered the island in 1229 it came to be known as Ciutat de Mallorca (City of Mallorca).
From 1950 the island started to become a tourist destination. The tourist boom which took place between 1960 and 1970 saw the construction of the majority of the hotels and the development of supporting industries. The remaining industries, such as footwear, and also agriculture, are becoming less important as tourism is the real motor of the Balearics' economy. A key factor in this is the ease of access to Mallorca thanks to the Son Sant Joan airport www.aena-aeropuertos.com which has become Spain's third largest by number of passengers and which has many routes to Europe's leading cities. The number of operations by private planes has also increased significantly.
Number of airport passengers
It is very hard to find another tourist destination just two or three hours from Europe's major cities which combines everything that Mallorca offers, including its easy access and beautiful natural setting (40% of which is in protected areas where building is controlled).
Mallorca has an area of 3,640.11km² and, according to the 2015 census, a population of 859,289 inhabitants.
It has a typically Mediterranean climate, with high temperatures in summer (over 30 °C) and moderately low ones in winter (rarely below 5 °C). The main sector of its economy is tourism and the island receives some 12 million visitors per year.
The Sierra de Tramuntana, the mountain chain which runs from Puerto de Andratx to Puerto de Pollensa and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2010, www.serradetramuntana.net/es protects the whole island from wind and bad weather. Its highest point is Puig Major at 1,342 metres. This is the part of Mallorca that is most protected from overdevelopment, and the Costa Nord foundation, www.costanord.es, which Michael Douglas founded in order to protect and conserve the environment is based here.
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Mallorca International Schools
Most of the 9 international schools of Mallorca are located in the southwestern region of the island and in Palma. They are: http://www.balearesint.net/, http://www.kingrichardcollege.com/, http://www.nace.edu.es/portals/Paginas/default.aspx, http://www.bellvercollege.com/, http://www.queenscollege.es/, http://www.theacademyschool.com/, http://www.dsmallorca.de/, http://www.svenskaskolanmallorca.com/, http://www.cfpalma.net/, http://www.uib.eu/?languageId=1
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